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Peripheral Hypertension

What Is Blood Pressure hypotension hypertension systolic diastolic pressure

Hi i m sami from fawzi academy In this tutorial I will generally talk about blood pressure Blood pressure BP is the pressure exerted by circulating blood upon the walls of blood vessels and is one of the principal vital signs. blood pressure usually refers to the arterial pressure of the systemic circulation, usually measured at a person's upper arm. A person's blood pressure is usually expressed in terms of the systolic pressure over diastolic pressure and is measured in millimeters of mercury mm Hg. Normal resting blood pressure for an adult is approximately 12080 mm Hg.

Blood pressure varies depending on situation, activity, and disease states, and is regulated by the nervous and endocrine systems. Blood pressure that is pathologically low is called hypotension, and pressure that is pathologically high is hypertension. Both have many causes and can range from mild to severe, with both acute and chronic forms. Chronic hypertension is a risk factor for many complications, including peripheral vascular disease, heart attack, and stroke. Hypertension is generally more common, also due to the demands of modern lifestyles. Hypertension and hypotension go often undetected because of infrequent monitoring.

Diagnosing and Treating Idiopathic Intracranial Hypertension Chloes Story

It actually goes by a couple names. There's pseudotumor cerebri, which is which is the more common name in the public's eye and then there's intracranial hypertension. It's a syndrome involving the cerebral spinal fluid which is a fluid that bathes the brain. It helped cushion brain provide nutrients and things like that. It has and pressure that it exerts inside the skull and patients with this condition that pressure's actually elevated. The thoughts are is that there's an imbalance between the production and reabsorption of the spinal fluid which then results in increased pressure and all the symptoms that we see with that.

We see all age range of patients. When they're very young to through adolescence. Chloe was 14 years old when she was referred to us by her eye doctor who had noted the swelling in her eyes. I went to my eye doctor for Miley he really checkup and they asked to to take a picture the back of my eye and they looked at my optic nerves and saw that they were swollen. She did not have any symptoms at the time. We performed the lumbar puncture which noted the increased.

Intracranial pressure and thus completing the diagnosis. My eye doctor at Children's said that if we would leave it untreated that I could go blind. Most of our patients we're able to get away with medical management. We have medications that decrease the spinal fluid that you produce to help bring back in that balance. I take two pills in the morning two pills at night before I go to bed every day. Once the symptoms resolve then we will wean her off the medication and typically we follow patients for about two years.

I think we were very fortunate to catch it as early as we did. She may be one of those fortunate few that do not ever have symptoms other than just the swelling in the eye or it may be simply that we just caught it early enough that she hadn't had time to develop those symptoms yet. We can actually do surgery on the optic nerve to relieve the pressure on that through cutting essentially cutting holes in the covering of that optic nerve to relieve the pressure. Some patients also too, can benefit from.

Diversion of their spinal fluid so shunting similar to how we do hydrocephalus that our colleagues in neurosurgery perform.And then some patients when their weight is also a factor we refer them to our healthy weight and nutrition clinic. You see the ophthalmologist first. They go through the full exam and get a really good look in the back to the eyes at the nerve which is the thing most interested in. Then after that they come and see us in neurology where we put that piece of the puzzle together with how they're doing clinically in terms of symptoms.

Pavel J. Levy, MD Vascular Surgery Wake Forest Baptist Health

I'm Dr. Pavel Levy associate professor. Head of section on Vascular Medicine in department of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery. After spending 15 years of my early career as a surgeon, mostly treating patients with vascular diseases, I got advanced training in Vascular Medicine a new and evolving field of the care of patients with vascular disease at the Cleveland Clinic. I saw a great opportunity and a unique opportunity to bring our expertise as vascular medicine specialists to this reputable academic medical center in southeast which is notorious for high prevalence of vascular disease.

What is Advanced Medical Coding

We had a quick question in the chat I thought you could answer. I think you had mentioned in your previous blip about advanced coding. They want to know what you meant by advanced coding. Alicia Oh well, at the college, what they did was they had students that were in different medical fields. And so they took a basic coding ICD9 and CPT and did a little bit in HCPCS. But if they were going to coding as a specialty, they took advanced coding. And then that actually was not just diagnosis coding you know, where.

They gave you statements where you looked at a chart and said, Oh, I need a code for hypertension. You know, if you were working in the medical field and someone said, I needed a code for hypertension then they could look it up and say 401.9. But if you're in advanced coding then you're actually coding charts and op reports and you really get into the guidelines, things like what goes with Peripheral Vascular Disease you know, what conditions, how do you code first, like the questions that we just did.

Lung Disease Rx Gets Green Light

Patients with a debilitating, rare lung disease just got a new treatment option. I'm Erin White with your latest health news. That option, courtesy of an approval from the US FDA, is Uptravi. This drug was approved to treat pulmonary arterial hypertension. Pulmonary arterial hypertension causes high blood pressure in the arteries that bring blood from the heart to the lungs. The disease can limit patients' ability to exercise and breathe comfortably. It can be deadly. Make sure to speak with your doctor and pharmacist about new treatments for your condition.

Baroreceptors mnemonic

Your baroreceptors sense blood pressure changes in the cardiovascular system. And we have two kinds of baroreceptors we have one on the aortic arch and two on the carotid sinus. The aortic arch senses only an increase in blood pressure. And the carotid sinus can sense both increased or decreased blood pressure. The aortic arch senses the increased blood pressure via the tenth cranial nerve which is vagus and the carotid sinus senses increased or decreased blood pressure via the ninth cranial nerve which is the glossopharyngeal nerve and the way I remember all of this information.

Is. I kinda draw an A for aortic arch and I kinda draw an arrow shooting upwards for increased blood pressure. And for carotid sinus umm I remember that it senses decreased blood pressure so I umm I remember decreased blood pressure is hypotension and hypotension has an 'O' so I draw an O and then I kinda make a 'C' for carotid sinus and so hypotension is sensed by carotid sinus and hypotension is decreased blood pressure, right So I kinda make an arrow pointing downwards for decreased blood pressure and this kinda makes like a nine. So, that's how I remember.

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